Table of Contents
The contribution of each author to the manuscript is noted via asterisks (\*) before the name of each contributor.
An example for this can be found in the following figure. Figure 2: Example of List of Contributors.
The corresponding text will look similar to the one below, but with all relevant information contained within it.
See also the Guide to Supplemental Material for an overview of what can go into the supplemental material.
Extension of the work
It is likely that your paper will need some extension, if only to correct errors or deficiencies pointed out by reviewers.
However, you should also look at the suggestions made by the reviewers and see whether there are any improvements you can make.
If the paper is going to be slightly expanded (more words, more paragraphs), then do not worry very much about length. Note how many pages it took to express what they have to say.
Maybe one page is enough (you could include several points on a single page), but two pages probably mean something needs correction. Three pages often means there is a significant issue to address.
Reviewers usually comment directly on the content of the paper rather than giving you guidance on what to add to the manuscript. They may ask questions like “What other research supports this claim”, or “How does x fit into this story”.
These kinds of comments indicate that the author has done his/her homework and included appropriate references. Such comments help clarify the paper even before its published.
You should use your abstract to extend ideas that you develop in your paper. If you do not have additional ideas, you can use different methods of writing such as quoting or paraphrasing.
The purpose of an abstract is to describe what significant findings are and how they relate to the topic at hand. An expert reviewer would explain conceptually why the study was relevant to a broader audience, beyond simply saying this is what we did.
You want people reading your abstract to be able to understand the key concepts emerging from your research without having to read the whole article.
Your objective is to entice readers to pick up the full article when they realize there’s still more content available. Your goal is to convince them once you do send them along to the article.
Including a reference to another related work in your field in the abstract is helpful for showing clarity about who you are and where you’re coming from.
This allows other researchers to review your work and makes it much easier to submit since they know where you are located. Also others may view your work and conclude that it works well before deciding whether to replicate your results.
Content Connections promotes understanding between children and adults by bringing learning into the classroom with questions designed to facilitate conversation around themes and topics.
In order to extend your article, you’ll need to analyze why it is that this article has generated such passionate responses. I will use the comments section as a learning tool to see how others have responded to the same topic with similar themes/topics being repeated again and again.
By seeing what inspires debate among many articles, you can determine where additional resources must be provided so that content is more tailored to people’s needs.
The topics most often discussed are confidence intervals, graphics, equations, tables,and methodology. Thus, we will focus on these issues within this document while discussing methods for addressing research questions.
We will also look at some real world examples of applications (data) that provide supporting evidence for discussion.
In this section, you extend methods further or add experiments to an already published study. You can also repeat studies using different techniques for validation.
This is especially important if the original research has been widely circulated (i.e., published in prestigious journals) as others will likely conduct their own replication of the experiments.
Furthermore, there are more sophisticated ways of extending past work. For example, it’s easy to replicate some of the basic experiments, but how about testing the authors’ theoretical assumptions? Or doing a larger-scale experiment covering new ground?
The key with any type of extension is that they enhance replicability by expanding upon previous findings or adding possibilities for future researchers to investigate.
Adding possibilities for investigation includes having prior knowledge of what is likely to be successful at producing results. This element of possibility allows investigators to come up with their own ideas and try their own approaches, which may produce surprising results.
It also helps scientists learn from one another’s investigations, leaving them better equipped to continue learning after the initial researcher is done.
A preprint is research before formal publication. That means it was published online or posted on an institutional website, but not yet formally accepted for publication.
By posting preprints on their own websites, researchers signal that they are publishing something and want to solicit feedback from others in the field.
That can range from informal comments on the paper to detailed criticisms.
It depends how much time someone has spent reading the paper and writing a comment. Comments may only be week after week after passing judgment.
One way to look at it is this: Preprinting allows for more publications than publishing requires.
That’s because papers can now be viewed and commented on by multiple reviewers, which can lead to some of them being rejected. Rejection is one risk associated with reviewing literature, but so is choosing what you think is the most constructive path for a manuscript.
Reviewers have become sharper in spotting flaws in authors who believe they have found another person doing work that clearly should receive credit.
Authors also run the risk of seeming like they are hiding information when they submit a draft ahead of schedule. Authors don’t always anticipate issues that will arise during editing, such as damages resulting from improper citations or problematic formulas.
Preprints allow writers to build up evidence early to back up claims made in the final version. Writers then avoid unnecessary rounds of revising and rewriting later.
Although conclusions are not required, it is often helpful to know why your topic is important or how it could apply to others. You can also give additional information that may support your points.
This way, others can determine if their issues match with what you have found. It also helps you organize your thoughts so you can focus on bringing up relevant topics next time.
Provide links to supporting documents such as research studies, articles, surveys etc. Where possible, explain new findings and trends of similar subjects.
You can also extend ideas beyond the scope of your initial writing by giving examples. This works well when you’re presenting information acquired through data collection methods like interviewing or observation.
Examples help users understand concepts more easily and quickly. They allow readers to infer a conclusion instead of requiring them to consciously think about each concept individually.
Give references and instructions for further reading. People commonly read about human development and psychology functions online.
Including these extensions will make your content more interesting and easy to consume. There are many free resources for learning more about understanding disability-related themes.
Author Contributions Extension
The Contributors Section is one of several Extension Elements. It can be found at the end of the Paper Chapter, or Supplemental Materials section, of your manuscript.
The number of authors listed on an author page may vary depending on the amount of contribution each person made to the project.
Typically, only the lead writer will contribute fully to the project. Sub writers and contributors are identified in the text via ‘&’ symbols. For example: “John Smith & Michael Jones.”
If you have put together a team of people who helped with different aspects of the project, you can list their contributions individually. If someone makes an important contribution, they might deserve recognition as a contributor.
In any case, the more significant the contribution, the longer the name should be. There is no rule of thumb for this extension.
It depends on the individual actor and their overall role in the project. A solo act would not need an extended contribution.
Consider also whether the work was written jointly or consecutively. In the latter case, consider splitting the contribution into sequential segments.
Sometimes, during those first few days after you get notification that there is such a thing as too much information, your mind can’t handle all of this new info. And yes, it gets even more difficult when you include the mental aspects of learning.
There are several things which can help you cope with this overload problem including muscle memory (which will also help you learn how to best process this information), having support around you (friends or family who want to be helpful), and finally, taking notes.
Many people skip this part altogether and that is okay if you know you understand the content but maybe an option for later depending on your skill level.
For now, we are going to focus on understanding the material through osmosis so to speak. The way this works is you put yourself in the person’s head and imagine what they must know to make sense of everything they have read.
You then take that knowledge and try to replicate it. On one hand, it feels weird at first but on the other, it makes you feel like you really did something valuable.